Under the Confederate Flag – Generals of the Confederate States Army
The structure of the Confederate army mirrored that of the US army. This was established in 1861 and consisted of 3 parts:
- ACSA – The Army of the Confederate States of America
- Southern State Militias
- PACS – The Provisional Army of the Confederate States
Thomas “”Stonewall” Jackson
No one personality has captured the power and imagination of the confederacy in the civil war than “Stonewall Jackson.” He was born in 1824 in Clarksburg, West Virginia and brought up in a rural environment. He was seen as a steady scholar with leadership qualities and athletic ability.
He entered the West Point military as a basic cadet where he graduated as second lieutenant to enter to the Mexican war where he fought many battles. He came out at the end of the Mexican campaigns as a major after the battle of the Storming of the Chapultepec“”
At a final encounter for Jackson was at Chancersville when the Union under Hooker advanced against the Confederates under Lee and Jackson was sent in to set up a strategy. Here while conducting a field surveillance he was fired upon by his own men and badly wounded. He died a few days later. Lee on Jackson’s death declared that “I have lost my right arm.”
He was buried Lexington, VA. And a monument was erected to mark his grave
Robert E Lee [1807-1870]
He graduated second in his class from WestPoint in 1825 and entered the Engineers Corps. After serving a number of years he rose to the level of lieutenant
He was probably one of the most renown and respected general of the civil was Robert E Lee . He was mostly known as the Confederate commander of the Northern Virginia Army. He had a distinguished army career totaling some 32 years fought to be a wide part of the United States and fought in the Mexican-American war as well.
Though he favored a single country and opposed succession , he resigned from the US Army and joined the Confederacy of his home state when the latter declared succession from the Union.
He served under President Jefferson and was seen as a sharp tactician in the field and won many battles against sides that were greater in number. He was aggressive and took bold steps risking his men. Sometimes the losses of his men were great .
There was a time when some of his campaigns lacked commitment and risk and he was dubbed “Granny Lee” but this was soon dispelled in his later campaigns when he took greater risk with his full frontal assaults being prepared to take great losses.
Later on Lee split the North Virginia army inti two when they determined to move North against the Union. Stonewall Jackson took one half while the other was under Gen. James Longstreet. His greatest battle fought in this era of the war was the Battle of Chancellorsville where he stopped Hookers army at two points of engagement.
Towards the end of the war when the South lost more men than the North capitulation became inevitable. At that time ha was named the commander in chief of all Confederate Armies. He finally surrendered to Gen Grant.
After his surrender he was active in proposing reconciliation and Reconstruction.
He spent his final days succumbing to a long term illness at his home in Lexington Virginia in the year 1870.
One interesting story about his death was that there was difficulty in obtaining a coffin for his burial and after a great struggle the only one that was available was too short so he was buried without his shoes to accommodate this.